The healthiest foods on your Thanksgiving table

Cheryl Mussatto | MS, RD, LD

Thanksgiving is almost here and that means one thing, food and lots of it. In fact, according to different sources, it is estimated that the average number of calories a person consumes on turkey day is at least 2,400 up to 4,500. That is a rather wide range but nonetheless, most of us will be eating quite a bit more than usual.
However, just because we will be chowing down on the typical foods served on this day, does not mean that all of them are calorie-laden and unhealthy. Surprisingly, many of them are actually quite healthy providing your body with significant nutrients it requires. Here is a look at which foods found on your Thanksgiving menu are some of the more good-for-you foods anytime of the year.

Turkey
Let’s start with the star of the meal, turkey. Known for containing tryptophan, an essential amino acid, turkey is a valuable source of lean protein of which a four-ounce portion size provides 32 grams. Stick with the white meat of turkey and you’ll consume a lean 152 calories while the dark meat comes in a little higher at round 214 calories. Turkey is an excellent source of vitamin B3 or niacin along with zinc, selenium, copper, potassium and iron. Tryptophan found in turkey has the reputation of putting us to sleep after the big meal. The truth is eating turkey is not exactly the same as popping a sleeping pill. So why do we get sleepy? Whenever we over eat food, it takes a lot of energy for our digestive tract to begin the process of breaking down all we’ve eaten. Add in time off from work, being with family and throw in some alcohol and before you know it, a nap sounds really good.

Green Beans
Green bean casserole is another perennial Thanksgiving favorite found on our dinner plate but when loaded down with high-sodium, high-fat ingredients, it’s not exactly a health food. Green beans by themselves however, without all the added extra sodium and fat, are a low-calorie, high fiber vegetable helping prevent constipation along with a host of other vital nutrients. A one-half cup serving will provide the antioxidants of vitamins A and C, blood pressure lowering potassium and the B vitamin folate necessary for the formation of red and white blood cells in the bone marrow. Here’s a tasty healthier green bean casserole recipe trimmed of excess calories and saturated fat.

Sweet potatoes
Talk about a treasure trove of nutritional goodness. Thanks to the pigment beta carotene and its beautiful orange hue, a one-half cup serving of sweet potatoes is sweet news for your health. Approximately 390 percent of your daily vitamin A, important for normal vision and healthy immune functioning, 40 percent of vitamin C, an antioxidant helping to protect cells from damage caused by free radicals and 18 percent of our daily requirement of fiber, necessary for bowel health, lowering cholesterol and controlling blood sugar levels is included. This same tuber also is rich in phytochemicals called lutein and zeaxanthin, known for reducing risk of macular degeneration. Make a Thanksgiving tradition serving up this sweet potato-pecan casserole recipe minus unnecessary sugar and fat.

Cranberries
It wouldn’t be Thanksgiving without cranberries on the menu. Their eye-catching bright red color and distinctive tart flavor hold significantly high amounts of phytochemicals called proanthocyanidins. These nutritional powerhouses have the potential to protect against cancer, aging, inflammation and bacterial infections. The juice of cranberries is best known for inhibiting bacterial growth in the bladder lowering the risk of urinary tract infections. Your guests will love this orange cranberry sauce recipe adding a healthier twist to this traditional favorite.

Brussels sprouts
One of the healthiest foods around, Brussels sprouts should be on everyone’s Thanksgiving plate. A member of cruciferous vegetables, a half-cup serving has a negligible 0.3 grams of fat and a mere 25 milligrams of sodium making it a food your heart will love. It contains a hefty dose of vitamin C, a potent fighter against the common cold. Better yet, Brussels sprouts have a special cancer-fighting compound called sulforaphane, a chemical thought to have anti-cancer properties. To maintain high levels of this compound, steam, stir-fry, roast, or microwave Brussels sprouts (avoid boiling) to prevent a loss of sulforaphane. Here’s a flavorful recipe using herbs and nuts to create garlic-parmesan roasted Brussel sprouts.

Wild rice
Looking for a nice complement to your Thanksgiving feast bringing a chewy, slightly nutty flavor? Wild rice is your answer. This edible grass is an excellent source of the B vitamins, which play a pivotal role in energy production while enhancing the health of our skin, hair, eyes, and liver. In addition it also is a good source of iron, potassium, phosphorous, zinc, and magnesium. Wild rice contains an ample amount of protein. One cup provides 6.5 grams required for all growth and repair functions in the body.

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